How To Make Inverter 12v To 220v-240v 1000w Pdf

5 min read Jun 26, 2024
How To Make Inverter 12v To 220v-240v 1000w Pdf

How to Make an Inverter 12V to 220V-240V 1000W

Introduction

An inverter is a device that converts direct current (DC) from a battery or a solar panel to alternating current (AC) that can be used to power electrical devices. In this article, we will discuss how to make an inverter that can convert 12V DC to 220V-240V AC with a power output of 1000W.

Components Required

  • Transformer: A transformer is the heart of an inverter. It converts the low-voltage DC input to high-voltage AC output. For a 1000W inverter, you will need a transformer with the following specifications:
    • Primary voltage: 12V
    • Secondary voltage: 220V-240V
    • Power rating: 1000W
  • Power MOSFETs: Power MOSFETs are used to switch the DC input voltage to the transformer. You will need four Power MOSFETs with the following specifications:
    • Voltage rating: 100V
    • Current rating: 20A
  • Driver IC: A driver IC is used to drive the Power MOSFETs. You will need a driver IC with the following specifications:
    • Voltage rating: 12V
    • Current rating: 2A
  • Oscillator Circuit: An oscillator circuit is used to generate a oscillating signal that is used to drive the Power MOSFETs. You will need the following components:
    • Resistors: R1, R2, R3, R4 (1kΩ each)
    • Capacitors: C1, C2 (100nF each)
    • Inductor: L1 (10μH)
  • Filter Circuit: A filter circuit is used to filter the output voltage of the inverter. You will need the following components:
    • Capacitors: C3, C4 (10μF each)
    • Inductor: L2 (10μH)

Circuit Diagram

Here is the circuit diagram of the inverter:

      +---------------+
      |               |
      |  12V DC Input  |
      |               |
      +---------------+
                  |
                  |
                  v
      +---------------+
      |               |
      |  Power MOSFETs  |
      |  (Q1, Q2, Q3, Q4)|
      |               |
      +---------------+
                  |
                  |
                  v
      +---------------+
      |               |
      |  Driver IC (IC1) |
      |               |
      +---------------+
                  |
                  |
                  v
      +---------------+
      |               |
      |  Oscillator Circuit  |
      |  (R1, R2, R3, R4,   |
      |   C1, C2, L1)      |
      |               |
      +---------------+
                  |
                  |
                  v
      +---------------+
      |               |
      |  Transformer (T1)  |
      |               |
      +---------------+
                  |
                  |
                  v
      +---------------+
      |               |
      |  Filter Circuit  |
      |  (C3, C4, L2)      |
      |               |
      +---------------+
                  |
                  |
                  v
      +---------------+
      |               |
      |  220V-240V AC Output|
      |               |
      +---------------+

How it Works

Here's how the inverter works:

  1. The 12V DC input is connected to the Power MOSFETs (Q1, Q2, Q3, Q4).
  2. The Power MOSFETs are driven by the driver IC (IC1).
  3. The driver IC is driven by the oscillator circuit (R1, R2, R3, R4, C1, C2, L1).
  4. The oscillator circuit generates a oscillating signal that is used to drive the Power MOSFETs.
  5. The Power MOSFETs switch the DC input voltage to the transformer (T1).
  6. The transformer converts the low-voltage DC input to high-voltage AC output.
  7. The AC output is filtered by the filter circuit (C3, C4, L2).
  8. The filtered AC output is connected to the load.

Tips and Precautions

  • Use a suitable transformer: The transformer is the most critical component of the inverter. Make sure to use a transformer that is designed for high-power applications.
  • Use high-power Power MOSFETs: Power MOSFETs are used to switch the DC input voltage to the transformer. Make sure to use high-power Power MOSFETs that can handle the high