Istmo Tireoide 0 2 Cm

4 min read Jun 26, 2024
Istmo Tireoide 0 2 Cm

What is an Istmo Tireoide?

The istmo tireoide, also known as the thyroid isthmus, is a small bridge of tissue that connects the two lobes of the thyroid gland. It is a normal anatomical structure located in the neck, just below the larynx.

What is the Normal Size of the Istmo Tireoide?

The size of the istmo tireoide can vary from person to person, but typically, it measures around 0.5 to 1.5 cm in width and 0.2 to 0.5 cm in thickness. Any istmo tireoide measuring 0.2 cm or less is considered small or hypoplastic.

Istmo Tireoide 0.2 cm: What Does it Mean?

An istmo tireoide measuring 0.2 cm is considered relatively small. While it may not be a cause for concern, it is essential to monitor its size and any associated symptoms to rule out any underlying thyroid disorders.

Causes of a Small Istmo Tireoide

A small istmo tireoide can be caused by various factors, including:

Genetics

Some people may be born with a smaller istmo tireoide due to genetic predisposition.

Thyroid Disorders

Certain thyroid disorders, such as thyroiditis or thyroid cancer, can cause the istmo tireoide to shrink or become smaller.

Hormonal Imbalance

Hormonal imbalances, particularly low levels of thyroid hormones, can affect the growth and development of the thyroid gland, including the istmo tireoide.

Symptoms of a Small Istmo Tireoide

A small istmo tireoide may not cause any symptoms, but in some cases, it can lead to:

Thyroid Hormone Imbalance

A small istmo tireoide can affect the production of thyroid hormones, leading to hypothyroidism (underactive thyroid) or hyperthyroidism (overactive thyroid).

Neck Pain or Discomfort

A small istmo tireoide can cause neck pain or discomfort, especially if it is inflamed or cancerous.

Hoarseness

In rare cases, a small istmo tireoide can cause hoarseness or voice changes due to compression of the recurrent laryngeal nerve.

Diagnosis and Treatment

A small istmo tireoide can be diagnosed through imaging tests, such as ultrasound or CT scans. Treatment typically involves monitoring the size and function of the thyroid gland, as well as managing any underlying thyroid disorders or symptoms.

In conclusion, an istmo tireoide measuring 0.2 cm is considered small, but it may not necessarily be a cause for concern. However, it is crucial to consult a healthcare professional to rule out any underlying thyroid disorders and to monitor its size and any associated symptoms.