Nigeria Money

5 min read Jun 26, 2024
Nigeria Money

Nigeria Money: Understanding the Naira and its Economy


Nigeria, a country located in West Africa, has a diverse economy and a complex monetary system. The official currency of Nigeria is the Naira (₦), which is managed by the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN). In this article, we will delve into the history of the Naira, its subunits, exchange rates, and the country's economic landscape.

History of the Naira

The Naira was introduced on January 1, 1973, replacing the Nigerian pound as the official currency. The name "Naira" was coined from the word "naira," which means "money" in the Hausa language, one of the country's major ethnic groups. The initial exchange rate was set at 2 Naira = 1 Nigerian pound.

Subunits of the Naira

The Naira is divided into 100 kobo (singular: kobo), which is the subunit of the currency. Although kobo coins are no longer in circulation, they remain a part of the country's monetary system.

Exchange Rates

The Naira's exchange rate is managed by the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN). The exchange rate is subject to fluctuations based on market forces, with the CBN intervening to stabilize the currency when necessary. As of 2022, the exchange rate is approximately:

  • 1 USD = 415 NGN (Naira)
  • 1 EUR = 470 NGN (Naira)
  • 1 GBP = 550 NGN (Naira)

Economy of Nigeria

Nigeria has a mixed economy, with a blend of public and private ownership of industries. The country is rich in natural resources, including:

  • Petroleum: Nigeria is the 12th largest oil producer in the world and the largest oil producer in Africa.
  • Agriculture: The country is a major producer of crops such as cassava, yams, and maize.
  • Minerals: Nigeria is rich in minerals such as iron ore, coal, and tin.

Despite its natural resources, Nigeria faces several economic challenges, including:

  • Corruption: Widespread corruption has hindered economic growth and development.
  • Inflation: High inflation rates have eroded the purchasing power of the Naira.
  • Unemployment: High levels of unemployment, particularly among young people.


In conclusion, the Naira is the official currency of Nigeria, with a rich history and a complex economy. While the country faces several challenges, the government is working to diversify the economy and improve the living standards of its citizens. As the largest economy in West Africa, Nigeria's economic growth has the potential to impact the region and beyond.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the symbol for the Naira?

The symbol for the Naira is "₦".

What is the subunit of the Naira?

The subunit of the Naira is the kobo.

Who manages the Naira?

The Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) manages the Naira.

What is the major industry in Nigeria?

The major industry in Nigeria is petroleum.